Node.js — Create Your Own Custom Error

Code Sample

Handling errors plays a major role in your application. In error situations, you want to know the details of the issue and how to solve it. When developing your app, you can create your own errors.

Errors in Node.js are extensible classes. This tutorial walks you through the creation of your own error class.

Node.js Series Overview

  1. String Replace All Appearances
  2. Remove All Whitespace From a String in JavaScript
  3. Generate a Random ID or String in Node.js or JavaScript
  4. Remove Extra Spaces From a String in JavaScript or Node.js
  5. Remove Numbers From a String in JavaScript or Node.js
  6. Get the Part Before a Character in a String in JavaScript or Node.js
  7. Get the Part After a Character in a String in JavaScript or Node.js
  8. How to Check if a Value is a String in JavaScript or Node.js
  9. Check If a String Includes All Strings in JavaScript/Node.js/TypeScript
  10. Check if a Value is a String in JavaScript and Node.js
  11. Limit and Truncate a String to a Given Length in JavaScript and Node.js
  12. Split a String into a List of Characters in JavaScript and Node.js
  13. How to Generage a UUID in Node.js
  14. Reverse a String in JavaScript or Node.js
  15. Split a String into a List of Lines in JavaScript or Node.js
  16. Split a String into a List of Words in JavaScript or Node.js
  17. Detect if a String is in camelCase Format in Javascript or Node.js
  18. Check If a String Is in Lowercase in JavaScript or Node.js
  19. Check If a String is in Uppercase in JavaScript or Node.js
  20. Get the Part After First Occurrence in a String in JavaScript or Node.js
  21. Get the Part Before First Occurrence in a String in JavaScript or Node.js
  22. Get the Part Before Last Occurrence in a String in JavaScript or Node.js
  23. Get the Part After Last Occurrence in a String in JavaScript or Node.js
  24. How to Count Words in a File
  25. How to Shuffle the Characters of a String in JavaScript or Node.js
  26. Append Characters or Words to a String in JavaScript or Node.js (Coming soon)
  27. Check if a String is Empty in JavaScript or Node.js (Coming soon)
  28. Ensure a String Ends with a Given Character in JavaScript or Node.js (Coming soon)
  29. Left-Trim Characters Off a String in JavaScript or Node.js (Coming soon)
  30. Right-Trim Characters Off a String in JavaScript or Node.js (Coming soon)
  31. Lowercase the First Character of a String in JavaScript or Node.js (Coming soon)
  32. Uppercase the First Character of a String in JavaScript or Node.js (Coming soon)
  33. Prepend Characters or Words to a String in JavaScript or Node.js (Coming soon)
  1. Get Number of Seconds Since Epoch in JavaScript
  2. Get Tomorrow’s Date in JavaScript
  3. Increase a Date in JavaScript by One Week
  4. Add Seconds to a Date in Node.js and JavaScript
  5. Add Month(s) to a Date in JavaScript or Node.js
  6. Add Week(s) to a Date in JavaScript or Node.js
  7. Get the Current Year in JavaScript or Node.js
  8. How to Get a UNIX Timestamp in JavaScript or Node.js
  9. How to Convert a UNIX Timestamp to a Date in JavaScript or Node.js
  10. Add Days to a Date in JavaScript or Node.js
  11. Get Yesterday's Date in JavaScript or Node.js
  12. Add Minutes to a Date in JavaScript or Node.js (Coming soon)
  13. Add Hours to a Date in JavaScript or Node.js (Coming soon)
  14. Check If a Date Is Today in JavaScript or Node.js (Coming soon)
  15. Check If a Date is Tomorrow in JavaScript or Node.js (Coming soon)
  16. Check If a Date is Yesterday in JavaScript or Node.js (Coming soon)
  17. How to Format a Date YYYY-MM-DD in JavaScript or Node.js (Coming soon)

Create an Error Class

Node.js comes with an Error class. This error class gives you the core functionality of errors, like capturing a stack trace and assigning context data.

You can extend Node’s error class to create your own errors. Here’s an example of a NotEnoughCoffee error:

not-enough-coffee-error.js

class NotEnoughCoffee extends Error {  
  constructor (message) {
    super(message)

    // assign the error class name in your custom error (as a shortcut)
    this.name = this.constructor.name

    // capturing the stack trace keeps the reference to your error class
    Error.captureStackTrace(this, this.constructor);

    // you may also assign additional properties to your error
    this.isSleepy = true
  }
}

module.exports = NotEnoughCoffee  

The custom error extends the default Node.js error class. Setting the this.name property to the constructor’s name will reference NotEnoughCoffee in stack traces instead of the generic Error name.

Go ahead and add other class properties when needed. You can even add methods that are more helpful. Here’s an example:

class CoffeeNotFound extends Error {  
  constructor (message) {
    super(message)
    Error.captureStackTrace(this, this.constructor);

    this.name = this.constructor.name
    this.status = 404
  }

  statusCode() {
    return this.status
  }
}

module.exports = CoffeeNotFound  

This CoffeeNotFound error could be an HTTP error. You may intercept the response and map the error’s status to the HTTP response status.

Throwing Errors

Import the custom error in your app and use it when necessary. Here’s a simple example that just throws the NotEnoughCoffee error:

'use strict'

const NotEnoughCoffee = require('./error')

throw new NotEnoughCoffee('Well, you may need another coffee :)')  

The related error output on your terminal looks like this:

Stack trace when throwing the NotEnoughCoffee error

Custom errors are a good way to help your coworkers and other developers to know what’s wrong with the app configuration.

Enjoy coding & make it rock!

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